Taxon: Betula pendula Roth

 
Genus: Betula
  Subgenus: Betula
    Section: Betula
Family: Betulaceae
  Subfamily: Betuloideae
Nomen number: 7127
Place of publication: Tent. fl. Germ. 1:405. 1788
Name Verified on: 15-Sep-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Sep-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 29 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: lipids (source of birch tar lipids fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbal Drugs)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Gansu, - Hebei, - Heilongjiang, - Henan, - Jiangsu, - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Nei Monggol, - Ningxia, - Qinghai, - Shaanxi, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Xizang, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu; Korea, North
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye, - Amur, - Kamchatka, - Magadan, - Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Buryatia, - Yakutia-Sakha, - Chita; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized:

    . sometimes natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ashburner, K. & H. A. McAllister The genus Betula, a taxonomic revision of birches. 2013 (Gen Betula) 277-297.
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. 1989- (F Iberica)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Additamenta et corrigenda ad "Floram URSS." 1973 (Add F USSR)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Govaerts, R. 1996. (1261) Proposal to reject the name Betula alba (Betulaceae) (Taxon) 45:697-698.
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Fagales. 1998 (L Fagales)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Rostliny, L. Katalog Léçivých Rostlin & Malý Herbá&r Léçivých Rostlin. 1984-1985 (Kat Lev Ros)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Betula pendula Roth :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image