Taxon: Betula pendula Roth

 
Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula
Section: Betula
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Betuloideae
Nomen number: 7127
Place of publication: Tent. fl. Germ. 1:405. 1788
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 15-Sep-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Sep-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: lipids (source of birch tar lipids fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Buryatia, Chita, Yakutia-Sakha] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (n.)
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur, Kamchatka, Magadan, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan (w.), Xinjiang (n.), Xizang (s.e.), Yunnan (n.)]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaido, Honshu] Korea, North

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (w.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (sometimes natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Ashburner, K. & H. A. McAllister The genus Betula, a taxonomic revision of birches. 2013 (Gen Betula) 277-297.
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  5. Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  6. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. (F Iberica)
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  8. Czerepanov, S. K. Additamenta et corrigenda ad "Floram URSS." (Add F USSR)
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  12. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  15. Govaerts, R. 1996. (1261) Proposal to reject the name Betula alba (Betulaceae) (Taxon) 45:697-698.
  16. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Fagales. 1998 (L Fagales)
  17. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  20. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  21. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  23. Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  24. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  25. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  27. Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  28. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Betula pendula Roth :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?7127. Accessed 25 April 2018.