Taxon: Bidens pilosa L.

 
Genus: Bidens
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Coreopsideae
Nomen number: 7169
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:832. 1753
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: potential for pollution control (fide J Hazard Mat 161:808-814. 2009)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):154. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Atlas WWeed; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Baja Sur, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Federal District, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Queretaro, - Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Parana, - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    • :
  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya; Morocco
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea, South; Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Israel
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Massachusetts, - Pennsylvania
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga; Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Chile - Easter Island, - Juan Fernandez
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Nigeria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India

  • Adventive:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Lebanon
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Estonia
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Poland

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Ballard, R. 1986. Bidens pilosa complex (Asteraceae) in North and Central America Amer. J. Bot. 73:1452-1465.
  • Boonman, J. G. 1993. East Africa's grasses and fodders: their ecology and husbandry 136.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Cheung, Siu-cheong & Ning-hon Li, eds. Chinese medicinal herbs of Hong Kong. 1978- (Chin Med Herb HK)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh Flora of Victoria. 1993- (F Victoria)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 1990-1993 (F NSWales)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Janick, J., ed. Perspectives on new crops and uses. 1999 (Persp New Crops Uses)
  • Kress, W. J. et al., eds. Revised checklist of the plants of Myanmar (Burma) (on-line resource). (L Myanmar Online)
  • Lasser, T., ed. Flora de Venezuela. 1964- (F Venez)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. 2000 (F PR ed2)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea. 2001 (Atlas Korea)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):154.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. 1991- (F Bajio)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. 1983-1989 (F SE Queensl)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Sun, Y.-B. et al. 2009. Cadmium tolerance and accumulation characteristics of Bidens pilosa L. as a potential Cd-hyperaccumulator J. Hazard. Mater. 161:808-814.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Bidens pilosa L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image