Taxon: Bixa orellana L.

 
Genus: Bixa
Family: Bixaceae
Nomen number: 7249
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:512. 1753
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-1997
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 28 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (fide F Panama; F VenGuay)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Dye Pl)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. elsewhere in tropics

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Cannon, J. & M. Cannon Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1994 (Dye Pl)
  • Dodson, C. H. & A. H. Gentry Flora of the Rio Palenque science center. 1978 (F RPalenq)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Roosmalen, M. G. van Surinaams vruchtenboek. 1977 (Surinaam V)
  • Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83, 1975 & 1981 (L Belize)
  • Spichiger, R., ed. Flora del Paraguay. 1985- (F Parag)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)

Check other web resources for Bixa orellana L. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image