Taxon: Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7654
Place of publication: Consp. pl. charc. 8. 1859 Mar (E. Cosson, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6:609. 1860 Jan)
Name Verified on: 02-Jun-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Jun-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1163 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: potential for pollution control (as heavy metal hyperaccumulator fide J Appl Biosci 13:726-736. 2009)
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: seeds (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide PROTA4U)
  • Gene sources: gene transfer for rape (fide Theor Appl Genet 92:786. 1996, based on crosses with Erucastrum abyssinicum to produce hybrids as "bridge species")
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in cabbage/kale (fide Euphytica 136:318. 2004)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in turnip (fide Theor Appl Genet 102:487. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (fide Euphytica 164:367. 2008, based on reports of poor seed set in crosses with B. carinata)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Brassica nigra as the male parent)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rape (fide Transgenic Res 3:263. 1994, based on successful hybridization with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of arugula (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Eruca vesicaria)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (fide Euphytica 136:314. 2004, based on successful hybridization with B. oleracea using in vitro techniques)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of crambe (fide Euphytica 101:1. 1998, reporting hybridization with Crambe abyssinica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish (based on report of hybrids with Raphanus sativus fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Brassica rapa)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard (fide Euphytica 158:213, 216, 217. 2007, based on reports of some successful hybridization with Sinapis alba)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Uncertain:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Norway; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago - Trinidad; Virgin Islands (British) - Virgin Gorda; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Guatemala; Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: French Guiana
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay
    • Western South America: Peru

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • : Africa; Europe; North America; South America
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Europe

    • : Africa; Europe; North America; South America
  • Northern America

    • : Africa; Europe; North America; South America
  • Southern America

    • : Africa; Europe; North America; South America

  • Adventive:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Tunisia

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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image