Taxon: Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7654
Place of publication: Consp. pl. charc. 8. 1859 Mar (E. Cosson, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6:609. 1860 Jan)
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 02-Jun-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Jun-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 482 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: potential for pollution control (as heavy metal hyperaccumulator fide J Appl Biosci 13:726-736. 2009)
  • Human food: oil/fat ()
  • Human food: seeds ()
  • Human food: vegetable ()
  • Gene sources: bridge species for rape (fide Theor Appl Genet 92:786. 1996, based on crosses with Erucastrum abyssinicum to produce hybrids as "bridge species")
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in cabbage/kale (fide Euphytica 136:318. 2004)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in turnip (fide Theor Appl Genet 102:487. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (fide Euphytica 164:367. 2008, based on reports of poor seed set in crosses with B. carinata)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Brassica nigra as the male parent)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rape (fide Transgenic Res 3:263. 1994, based on successful hybridization with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of arugula (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Eruca vesicaria)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (fide Euphytica 136:314. 2004, based on successful hybridization with B. oleracea using in vitro techniques)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of crambe (fide Euphytica 101:1. 1998, reporting hybridization with Crambe abyssinica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish (based on report of hybrids with Raphanus sativus fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Brassica rapa)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard (fide Euphytica 158:213, 216, 217. 2007, based on reports of some successful hybridization with Sinapis alba)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • Europe (s.e. & n.)

    Northern America
    • North America

    Southern America
    • South America


    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (s.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.), Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway (s.), Sweden (s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain (n.e.)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, [Trinidad] Virgin Islands (British), [Virgin Gorda] Virgin Islands (U.S.) [St. Croix]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay [Alto Paraguay]


    Uncertain

    Asia-Temperate
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia


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Check other web resources for Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?7654. Accessed 24 May 2018.