Taxon: Brassica napus L.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7661
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:666. 1753
Name Verified on: 24-Feb-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Feb-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 680 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in cabbage/kale (fide Phytopathology 97:1391. 2007, based on new resynthesized lines of B. napus)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in rape (fide Theor Appl Genet 102:487. 2001, based on recombinant lines of B. napus carrying resistance genes from A-genome)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology (fide Hereditas 111:255, 260. 1989)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of mustard (fide Transgen Res 3:274. 1994)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of turnip (fide Transgen Res 3:274. 1994)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of arugula (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Eruca vesicaria)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black mustard (fide Transgenic Res 3:263-278. 1994)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (fide Transgen Res 3:274. 1994)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of crambe (fide Wild Crop Rel Oils 5:112. 2011)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish (based on records of hybrid formation with Raphanus sativus fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard (based on records of hybrid formation by embryo rescue and ovary culture with Sinapis alba fide Chromosome Res 13:819. 2005)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probable origin in cult.

    Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Canada; Europe; Mexico; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Europe; Mexico; United States
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Canada; Europe; Mexico; South America; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Europe; Mexico; South America; United States
  • Southern America

    • : Canada; Europe; Mexico; South America; United States
    • Mesoamerica: Central America

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