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Taxon: Brassica napus L.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7661
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:666. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358687
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 24-Feb-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 684 (597 active, 380 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • rape  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • seiyō-aburana  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • raps  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ou zhou you cai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (n.)
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • South America


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galápagos]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (probable origin in cult.)

References:

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  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  6. Chen, B.-Y. & W. K. Heneen. 1989. Resynthesized Brassica napus L.: A review of its potential in breeding and genetic analysis. Hereditas (Beijing) 111:255-263.
  7. Chen, H.-F. et al. 2007. Production and genetic analysis of partial hybrids in intertribal crosses between Brassica species (B. rapa, B. napus) and Capsella bursa-pastoris. Pl. Cell Rep. 26:1791-1800.
  8. Cheung, F. et al. 2009. Comparative analysis between homoeologous genome segments of Brassica napus and its progenitor species reveals extensive sequence-level divergence. Pl. Cell 221:1912-1928.
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  10. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
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  12. Delourme, R. et al. 2006. Major gene and polygenic resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans in oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 114:41-52.
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  19. Hasan, M. et al. 2006. Analysis of genetic diversity in the Brassica napus L. gene pool using SSR markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:793-802.
  20. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
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  27. Lefol, E. et al. 1997. Sexual hybridisation in crosses of cultivated Brassica species with the crucifers Erucastrum gallicum and Raphanus raphanistrum: potential for gene introgression. Euphytica 95:127-139. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  28. Li, M. et al. 2006. Intersubgenomic heterosis in rapeseed production with a partial new-typed Brassica napus containing subgenome Ar from B. rapa and Cc from Brassica carinata. Crop Sci. (Madison) 46:234-242.
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  59. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Brassica napus L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?7661. Accessed 13 November 2019.