Taxon: Brassica nigra (L.) W. D. J. Koch

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7666
Place of publication: J. C. Röing, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4:713. 1833
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 02-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 164 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (spice fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in rape (fide Pl Breed (NY), based on a transgenic line of B. nigra resistant to both Phoma lingam and Plasmodiophora brassicae)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in turnip (fide Theor Appl Genet 102:487. 2001, based on the comparison and location of resistance genes in recombinant lines B-genome/B. napus)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black mustard (fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Abyssinian cabbage (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:297. 2006)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of mustard (fide Euphytica 158:214. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (based on successful hybridization as male parent with Brassica carinata fide Euphytica 158:214, 217. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (fide Theor Appl Genet 94:605. 1997, based on successful production of F1 hybrids with B. oleracea as male parent)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of mustard (based on successful hybridization reports with Brassica juncea as the female parent fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish (based on a record of hybrid formation with Raphanus sativus by ovary culture fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Pl Breed 113:106. 2006, based on somatic hybridization with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Brassica rapa)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Sinapis alba)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Medicines: source of allyl isothiocyanate (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia
    • China: China - Gansu, - Jiangsu, - Qinghai, - Xinjiang, - Xizang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Mpumalanga
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Vietnam
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Norway; Sweden
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Brassica nigra (L.) W. D. J. Koch :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image