Taxon: Brassica oleracea L.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7668
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:667. 1753
Name Verified on: 16-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Jun-2011
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 142 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: drought resistance for Abyssinian cabbage (fide Pl Breed (NY) 121:168. 2002)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Abyssinian cabbage (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of rape (fide Theor Appl Genet 65:201. 1983)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard (fide Euphytica 158:217, 220. 2007, based on crosses with B. nigra mostly involving embryo rescue technique)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rape (fide Transgen Res 3:274. 1994, based on its ability to produce hybrids with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of turnip (fide Euphytica 69:13. 1993, based on hybrid formation with most pollen grains being sterile; Proc Natl Acad Sci 92:7719. 1995)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (based on records of successful hybridization with Brassica carinata fide Euphytica 158:213. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of arugula (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Eruca vesicaria)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard (fide Euphytica 136:313. 2004, based on hybrid production with B. juncea through in vitro techniques)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish (fide Pl Breed(NY) 121:168. 2002, records hybrids with Raphanus sativus through embryo rescue)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard (based on records of hybrid formation with Sinapis alba by embryo rescue and protoplast fusion fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Kellerman et al.)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Germany - Schleswig-Holstein
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allender, C. J. et al. 2007. Simple sequence repeats reveal uneven distribution of genetic diversity in chloroplast genomes of Brassica oleracea L. and (n=9) wild relatives Theor. Appl. Genet. 114:609-618.
  • Allender, C. J. et al. 2007. Simple sequence repeats reveal uneven distribution of genetic diversity in chloroplast genomes of Brassica oleracea L. and (n=9) wild relatives Theor. Appl. Genet. 114:609-618.
  • Anderson, J. K. & S. I. Warwick 1999. Chromosome number evolution in the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae): evidence from isozyme number Pl. Syst. Evol. 215:255-285.
  • Anderson, J. K. & S. I. Warwick 1999. Chromosome number evolution in the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae): evidence from isozyme number Pl. Syst. Evol. 215:255-285.
  • Arumugam, N. et al. 2002. Synthesis of somatic hybrids (RCBB) by fusing heat-tolerant Raphanus sativus (RR) and Brassica oleracea (CC) with Brassica nigra (BB) Pl. Breed. (New York) 121:168-170.
  • Arumugam, N. et al. 2002. Synthesis of somatic hybrids (RCBB) by fusing heat-tolerant Raphanus sativus (RR) and Brassica oleracea (CC) with Brassica nigra (BB) Pl. Breed. (New York) 121:168-170.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Bothmer, R. von et al. 1995. Brassica sect. Brassica (Brassicaceae). II. Inter- and intraspecific crosses with cultivars of B. oleracea Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:165-178.
  • Bothmer, R. von et al. 1995. Brassica sect. Brassica (Brassicaceae). II. Inter- and intraspecific crosses with cultivars of B. oleracea Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:165-178.
  • Chèvre, A. M. et al. 1997. Identification of the different Brassica nigra chromosomes from both sets of B. oleracea-B. nigra and B. napus-B. nigra addition lines with a special emphasis on chromosome transmission ... Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:603-611.
  • Chèvre, A. M. et al. 1997. Identification of the different Brassica nigra chromosomes from both sets of B. oleracea-B. nigra and B. napus-B. nigra addition lines with a special emphasis on chromosome transmission ... Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:603-611.
  • Cheung, F. et al. 2009. Comparative analysis between homoeologous genome segments of Brassica napus and its progenitor species reveals extensive sequence-level divergence Pl. Cell 21:1912-1928.
  • Cheung, F. et al. 2009. Comparative analysis between homoeologous genome segments of Brassica napus and its progenitor species reveals extensive sequence-level divergence Pl. Cell 21:1912-1928.
  • Chrungu, B. et al. 1999. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Brassica maurorum and crop brassicas Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:608-613.
  • Chrungu, B. et al. 1999. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Brassica maurorum and crop brassicas Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:608-613.
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2. 1962 (F BritClap)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Divaret, I. et al. 1999. RAPD markers on seed bulks efficiently assess the genetic diversity of a Brassica oleracea L. collection Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:1029-1035.
  • Divaret, I. et al. 1999. RAPD markers on seed bulks efficiently assess the genetic diversity of a Brassica oleracea L. collection Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:1029-1035.
  • Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species (Euphytica) 110:207-214.
  • Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species (Euphytica) 110:207-214.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Erickson, L. R. et al. 1983. Restriction patterns reveal origins of chloroplast genomes in Brassica amphiploids Theor. Appl. Genet. 65:201-206.
  • Erickson, L. R. et al. 1983. Restriction patterns reveal origins of chloroplast genomes in Brassica amphiploids Theor. Appl. Genet. 65:201-206.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape (Euphytica) 158:209-230.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape (Euphytica) 158:209-230.
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hansen, L. N. & E. D. Earle 1995. Transfer of resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris into Brassica oleracea L. by protoplast fusion Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:1293-1300.
  • Hansen, L. N. & E. D. Earle 1995. Transfer of resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris into Brassica oleracea L. by protoplast fusion Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:1293-1300.
  • Hansen, L. N. & E. D. Earle 1997. Somatic hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. and Sinapis alba L. with resistance to Alternaria brassicae (Berk.) Sacc. Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:1078-1085.
  • Inaba, R. & T. Nishio 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of Brassiceae based on the nucleotide sequences of the S-locus related gene, SLR1 Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:1159-1165.
  • Inaba, R. & T. Nishio 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of Brassiceae based on the nucleotide sequences of the S-locus related gene, SLR1 Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:1159-1165.
  • Iniguez-Luy, F. L. et al. 2009. Development of public immortal mapping populations, molecular markers and linkage maps for rapid cycling Brassica rapa and B. oleracea Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:31-43.
  • Iniguez-Luy, F. L. et al. 2009. Development of public immortal mapping populations, molecular markers and linkage maps for rapid cycling Brassica rapa and B. oleracea Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:31-43.
  • Inomata, N. 2002. A cytogenetic study of the progenies of hybrids between Brassica napus and Brassica oleracea, Brassica bourgeaui, Brassica cretica and Brassica montana Pl. Breed. (New York) 121:174-176.
  • Inomata, N. 2002. A cytogenetic study of the progenies of hybrids between Brassica napus and Brassica oleracea, Brassica bourgeaui, Brassica cretica and Brassica montana Pl. Breed. (New York) 121:174-176.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers (Biol Breed Crucifer) 310-342.
  • Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers (Biol Breed Crucifer) 310-342.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165-175.
  • Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165-175.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lázaro, A. & I. Aguinagalde 1998. Genetic diversity in Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and wild relatives (2n=18) using isozymes Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 82:821-828.
  • Lázaro, A. & I. Aguinagalde 1998. Genetic diversity in Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and wild relatives (2n=18) using isozymes Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 82:821-828.
  • Lázaro, A. & I. Aguinagalde 1998. Genetic diversity in Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and wild relatives (2n=18) using RAPD markers Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 82:829-833.
  • Lázaro, A. & I. Aguinagalde 1998. Genetic diversity in Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and wild relatives (2n=18) using RAPD markers Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 82:829-833.
  • Lanné C. et al. 1996. Genetic validity of RAPD markers at the intra- and inter-specific level in wild Brassica species with n=9 Theor. Appl. Genet. 93:9-14.
  • Lanné C. et al. 1996. Genetic validity of RAPD markers at the intra- and inter-specific level in wild Brassica species with n=9 Theor. Appl. Genet. 93:9-14.
  • Lannér-Herrera, C. et al. 1996. Diversity in natural populations of wild Brassica oleracea as estimated by isozyme and RAPD analysis Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:13-23.
  • Lannér-Herrera, C. et al. 1996. Diversity in natural populations of wild Brassica oleracea as estimated by isozyme and RAPD analysis Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:13-23.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mei, J. et al. 2010. Genomic relationships between wild and cultivated Brassica oleracea L. with emphasis on the origination of cultivated crops Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:1-15.
  • Mei, J. et al. 2010. Genomic relationships between wild and cultivated Brassica oleracea L. with emphasis on the origination of cultivated crops Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:1-15.
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Nagpal, R. et al. 2008. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera in subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae, and Cakilinae (Brassicaceae, tribe Brassiceae); the organization and evolution of ribosomal gene families Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:545-557.
  • Nagpal, R. et al. 2008. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera in subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae, and Cakilinae (Brassicaceae, tribe Brassiceae); the organization and evolution of ribosomal gene families Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:545-557.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Nieuwhof, M. 1969. Cole crops 1-353.
  • Panda, S. et al. 2003. Chloroplast and nuclear DNA studies in a few members of the Brassica oleracea L. group using PCR-RFLP and ISSR-PCR markers: a population genetic analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:1122-1128.
  • Panda, S. et al. 2003. Chloroplast and nuclear DNA studies in a few members of the Brassica oleracea L. group using PCR-RFLP and ISSR-PCR markers: a population genetic analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:1122-1128.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331-340.
  • Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331-340.
  • Prakash, S. & K. Hinata 1980. Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop brassicas, a review Opera Bot. 55:9.
  • Rygulla, W. et al. 2007. Broadening the genetic basis of Verticillium longisporum resistance in Brassica napus by interspecific hybridization (Phytopathology) 97:1391-1396.
  • Rygulla, W. et al. 2007. Broadening the genetic basis of Verticillium longisporum resistance in Brassica napus by interspecific hybridization (Phytopathology) 97:1391-1396.
  • Scheffler, J. A. & P. J. Dale 1994. Opportunities for gene transfer from transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to related species Transgenic Res. 3:263-278.
  • Scheffler, J. A. & P. J. Dale 1994. Opportunities for gene transfer from transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to related species Transgenic Res. 3:263-278.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:108.
  • Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones (Brassica Crop Wild) 121-132.
  • Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones (Brassica Crop Wild) 121-132.
  • Snowdon, R. et al. 2007. Chapter 7. Brassica oilseeds (Genet Res Chrom Crop) 196-230.
  • Snowdon, R. et al. 2007. Chapter 7. Brassica oilseeds (Genet Res Chrom Crop) 196-230.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  • Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris) Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497-506.
  • Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris) Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497-506.
  • Song, K. et al. 1995. Rapid genome change in synthetic polyploids of Brassica and its implications for polyploid evolution Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:7719-7723.
  • Song, K. et al. 1995. Rapid genome change in synthetic polyploids of Brassica and its implications for polyploid evolution Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:7719-7723.
  • Takahata, Y. & K. Hinata 1983. Studies on cytodemes in subtribe Brassicinae (Cruciferae) Tohoku J. Agric. Res. 33:111-124.
  • Takahata, Y. & K. Hinata 1983. Studies on cytodemes in subtribe Brassicinae (Cruciferae) Tohoku J. Agric. Res. 33:111-124.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths 2004. Development of black rot resistant interspecific hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. cultivars and Brassica accession A 19182, using embryo rescue (Euphytica) 136:313-318.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths 2004. Development of black rot resistant interspecific hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. cultivars and Brassica accession A 19182, using embryo rescue (Euphytica) 136:313-318.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths 2004. Genetic relationships of Brassica vegetables determined usind database derived simple sequence repeats (Euphytica) 137:193-201.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths 2004. Genetic relationships of Brassica vegetables determined usind database derived simple sequence repeats (Euphytica) 137:193-201.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371-382.
  • Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371-382.
  • Warwick, S. I. & C. A. Sauder 2005. Phylogeny of tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) based on chloroplast restriction site polymorphisms and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL intron sequences Canad. J. Bot. 83:467-483.
  • Warwick, S. I. & C. A. Sauder 2005. Phylogeny of tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) based on chloroplast restriction site polymorphisms and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL intron sequences Canad. J. Bot. 83:467-483.
  • Warwick, S. I. & L. D. Black 1991. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera (Subtribe Brassicinae, Brassiceae) - chloroplast genome and cytodeme congruence Theor. Appl. Genet. 82:81-92.
  • Warwick, S. I. & L. D. Black 1991. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera (Subtribe Brassicinae, Brassiceae) - chloroplast genome and cytodeme congruence Theor. Appl. Genet. 82:81-92.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica) 1-91.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L. :