Taxon: Briza maxima L.

 
Genus: Briza
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Poeae
        Subtribe: Brizinae
Nomen number: 7725
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:70. 1753
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Apr-2000
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Uncertain:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores

  • Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • : United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Jamaica
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Honduras
    • Southern South America: Chile
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • : United States

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:129-247.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. 2007 (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:147.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-382.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Briza maxima L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image