Taxon: Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.

 
Genus: Bromus
  Subgenus: Ceratochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7783
Place of publication: Bot. Beechey Voy. 403. 1840
Name Verified on: 16-Sep-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Sep-2010
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 42 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • sweet brome  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • xian ji que mai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Animal food: forage (grazing fide Grass VarUSA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - South Dakota
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Zacatecas, - Baja Norte
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Guanajuato, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Queretaro, - Tlaxcala, - Veracruz, - Federal District
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - British Columbia
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : United States
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory

  • Cultivated:

  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

References:

  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Barkworth, M. E. et al. 2006. Geography and morphology of the Bromus carinatus (Poaceae: Bromeae) complex Madroño 53:233-243.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Herrera-Arrieta, Y. Las Gramíneus de Durango. 2001 (Grass Durango)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Hurst, S. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Pavlick, L. Bromus L. of North America. 1995 (Bromus NAmer)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Soderstrom, T. R. & J. H. Beaman 1968. The genus Bromus (Gramineae) in Mexico and Central America Publ. Mus. Michigan State Univ., Biol. Ser. 3:481.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. 1993 (F Utah ed2)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image