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Taxon: Bromus commutatus Schrad.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Bromus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7788
Place of publication: Fl. germ. 1:353. 1806
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10 (8 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • hairy chess  (Source: Intermt F) - English
  • meadow brome  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • hairy chess  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • brome variable  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • cevadilha-do-prado  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • brinklosta  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Volgograd] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Acedo, C. & F. Llamas. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22:69. Note: = Bromus racemosus L.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  4. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 27.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  11. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  14. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  15. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  16. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:226.
  17. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:163.
  18. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  19. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  20. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  21. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  22. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Bromus racemosus
  23. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  24. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. Note: introduced

Check other web resources for Bromus commutatus Schrad. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?7788. Accessed 23 August 2019.