Taxon: Bromus tectorum L.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Stenobromus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7880
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:77. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 07-Apr-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 38 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.w.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (e.)
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Mississippi, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Aedo, C. & F. Llamas 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula Phanerog. Monogr. 22:196-207.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource). (F CalifJep ed2)
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  7. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  8. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  9. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  12. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  13. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  15. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  18. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  19. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  20. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  21. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  23. Matthei, O. 1986. El género Bromus (Poaceae) in Chile Gayana, Bot. 43:73.
  24. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  25. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  26. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  27. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  30. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  31. Sales, F. 1993. Taxonomy and nomenclature of Bromus sect. Genea Edinburgh J. Bot. 50:25-30.
  32. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  33. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  34. The Hebew University of Jerusalem Flora of Israel Online (on-line resource). (F Israel Online)
  35. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  37. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  38. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-382.
  39. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  40. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  41. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  42. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  43. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  44. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Bromus tectorum L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?7880. Accessed 22 May 2018.