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Taxon: Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.

 
Genus: Taraxacum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Crepidinae
Nomen number: 80051
Place of publication: Prim. fl. holsat. 56. 1780
Link to protologue:
Comment: [used here in an aggregate sense for all of T. sect. Taraxacum (formerly sect. Ruderalia)]
Name Verified on: 30-Jan-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • common dandelion  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • dandelion  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • lion's-tooth  (Source: Ency CNatIn) - English
  • dandelion   - English (Canada)
  • dent de lion  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • pissenlit vulgaire  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • pissenlit officinal   - French (Canada)
  • Löwenzahn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Wiesen-Löwenzahn  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • dente-de-leão  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • achicoria amarga  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • amargón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • diente de león  (Source: F Int Apico) - Spanish
  • seoyangmindeulle  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean
  • oduvančik lekarstvennyj  (Source: F Armenia) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Food additives:
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 841-842. 1997)
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories] Greenland, United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nunavut]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Baja California (Norte)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Ciudad de México]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Honduras, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  3. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes. Note: treats as Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45 Note: = Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
  5. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg.
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  7. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg.
  8. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 277.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen Note: treats as Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). Note: treats as Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia
  12. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca. Note: treats as Taraxacum spp. aggr.
  13. Fernald, M. L. 1948. The name Taraxacum officinale. Rhodora 50:216. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  14. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America. Note: = Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
  15. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  16. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 2000. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code) 361. Note: = Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
  17. Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia
  18. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: treats as Taraxacum spp. aggr.
  20. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg.
  21. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  22. Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York.
  23. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  24. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  25. Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967-. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg.
  26. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75 Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  27. Kirschner, J. & J. Štěpánek. 2011. Typification of Leontodon taraxacum L. (Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.) and the generic name Taraxacum: a review and a new typification proposal. Taxon 60:216-220.
  28. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
  29. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation) Note: = Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
  30. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg.
  31. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  32. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  33. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  34. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  35. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  36. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  37. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  38. Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  39. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):475.
  40. Pearson, R. C. 1988. Compendium of grape diseases. The disease compendium series. 51.
  41. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  42. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  43. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  44. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991-. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  45. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  46. Shinners, L. H. 1949. Nomenclature of species of dandelion and goatsbeard (Taraxacum and Tragopogon) introduced into Texas. Field & Lab. 17:13-15.
  47. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova. Note: = Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
  48. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. Note: = Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
  49. Stafleu, F. & R. S. Cowan. 1988. Taxonomic literature: a selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types, ed. 2, vol. 1-7, suppl. 1-6. 7:129. Note: suggests authorship "Weber ex F. H. Wigg." for this publication
  50. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  51. Stewart-Wade, S. M. et al. 2002. Biology of Canadian weeds. 117. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 82:825-853.
  52. Takhtajan, A. L., ed. 1954-1987. Flora Armenii.
  53. The Missouri Botanical Garden with others. A Catalogue of the vascular plants of Madagascar (on-line resource).
  54. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa. Note: treats as Taraxacum spp. aggr.
  55. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  56. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora. Note: = Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
  57. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  58. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber
  59. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama. Note: = Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg.
  60. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: treats as Taraxacum sect. Taraxacum
  61. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?80051. Accessed 13 November 2019.