Taxon: Taxus baccata L.

 
Genus: Taxus
Family: Taxaceae
Nomen number: 80070
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1040. 1753
Name Verified on: 09-Nov-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Nov-1999
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 26 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Cannon, J. & M. Cannon Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1994 (Dye Pl)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Cope, E. A. 1998. Taxaceae: the genera and cultivated species Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 64:307.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Farjon, A. World checklist and bibliography of conifers. 1998 (L Conifers)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard) 4:438.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. 1993- (F Baltic)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Taxus baccata L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Taxus baccata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image