Taxon: Buxus sempervirens L.

Genus: Buxus
Family: Buxaceae
Nomen number: 8212
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:983. 1753
Name Verified on: 09-Sep-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 48 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Materials: wood (fide F Turk)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


    . also cult.


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Batdorf, L. R. Boxwood: An illustrated encyclopedia. 2004 (Boxwood Ency)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. Flora yunnanica. 1977- (F Yunnan)
  • Zohary, M. et al. Conspectus florae orientalis. 1980- (L Orient)


Check other web resources for Buxus sempervirens L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Buxus sempervirens cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image