Taxon: Calendula arvensis L.

 
Genus: Calendula
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Calenduleae
Nomen number: 8453
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:1303. 1763
Name Verified on: 28-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Feb-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 20 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: (fide Weed TabCIBA. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Hungary; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Estonia; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Hungary; Poland
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

  • Adventive:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Lebanon
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Netherlands; Slovakia

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi The weeds of Egypt. 1984 (Weeds Egypt)
  • Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires. 1978 (Man BuenAir)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Heyn, C. C. et al. 1974. The annual Calendula species: taxonomy and relationships Israel J. Bot. 23:180.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. 2009 (Ill L Qatar)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)

Synonyms:

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