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Taxon: Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull

 
Genus: Calluna
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Ericoideae
Tribe: Ericeae
Nomen number: 8605
Place of publication: Brit. fl. ed. 2, 1:114. 1808
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 43 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (the honey is dark, tart and rather bitter)
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores, Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States (w. (incl. Alaska))


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Britton, N. L. & A. Brown. 1952. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions, ed. 3. 3:21-22. Note: naturalized in North America
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Calluna+vulgaris&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  7. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1967. Flora SSSR. 18:69.
  10. Luteyn, J. L. et al. 1996. Ericaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 61:111.
  11. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  12. Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  13. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  14. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  15. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  16. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1972. Flora europaea. 3:8.
  17. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  18. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  19. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Calluna vulgaris cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?8605. Accessed 20 September 2019.