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Taxon: Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.

 
Genus: Canavalia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Diocleinae
Nomen number: 8827
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:404. 1825
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/153710
Name Verified on: 22-Dec-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 85 (24 active, 22 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental:
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Nuevo León]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]


    Cultivated (cult. worldwide)

    Naturalized



    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba (prob. weedy), Dominican Republic, Jamaica, United States [Puerto Rico]


    Other (origin from cult. of American Indians)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  4. Beyra Matos, A. et al. 2004. Revisión taxonómica del género Canavalia DC. (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae) en Cuba. Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 28(107):157-175.
  5. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. 1984. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames
  6. Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1992. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 8:108-187.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Canavalia+ensiformis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  12. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  13. Jardim e Museu Agricola do Ultramar, Portugal. 1972-. Flora de Sao Tome e Principe.
  14. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. Morris, J. B. 2007. Swordbean (Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.) genetic resources regenerated for potential medical, nutraceutical and agricultural traits. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:585-592.
  18. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:87.
  19. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future
  20. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Sauer, J. & L. Kaplan. 1969. Canavalia beans in American prehistory. Amer. Antiquity 34:417-424. Note: based on archaeological evidence Canavalia ensiformis was under cultivation since pre-Columbian time, but with obscure origin from wild species
  24. Sauer, J. 1964. Revision of Canavalia. Brittonia 16:110, 142-144.
  25. She, C.-W. et al. 2017. Molecular cytogenetic characterization and comparison of the two cultivated Canavalia species. Comp. Cytogenet. 11:579-600. Note: 2n=22
  26. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  27. Snak, C. et al. 2016. A dated phylogeny of the papilionoid legume genus Canavalia reveals recent diversification by a pantropical liana lineage. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 98:133-146.
  28. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:74-76.
  29. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  30. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  31. Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  32. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  33. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  34. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  35. Zhu, X. Y. et al. 2007. Legumes of China: a checklist
  36. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?8827. Accessed 17 September 2019.