Taxon: Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.

 
Genus: Canavalia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Phaseoleae
        Subtribe: Diocleinae
Nomen number: 8827
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:404. 1825
Name Verified on: 22-Dec-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Dec-2005
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 85 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (green manure fide Pl Res SEAs 4:75. 1992)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Dict Econ Pl)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:75. 1992)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:75. 1992)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . origin from cult. of American Indians

    Naturalized:

    . natzd. worldwide

    Cultivated:

    . cult. worldwide

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  • Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal 1992. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 1989-1998 (Esp Veg Prom) 8:108-187.
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Jardim e Museu Agricola do Ultramar, Portugal Flora de Sao Tome e Principe. 1972- (F STomPrin)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Morris, J. B. 2007. Swordbean (Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.) genetic resources regenerated for potential medical, nutraceutical and agricultural traits Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:585-592.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:87.
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sauer, J. 1964. Revision of Canavalia (Brittonia) 16:142.
  • Sauer, J. & L. Kaplan 1969. Canavalia beans in American prehistory Amer. Antiquity 34:417-424.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:74-76.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. Legumes of China: a checklist. 2007 (Leg China)

Check other web resources for Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image