Taxon: Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.

Genus: Canavalia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Phaseoleae
        Subtribe: Diocleinae
Nomen number: 8841
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:404. 1825
Name Verified on: 26-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 26-Oct-2009
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 24 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Curr Sci 90:1648. 2006)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of sword-bean (based on probable affinities to C. gladiata fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 98:)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Mpumalanga
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Guangdong, - Guangxi; Hong Kong
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India - Andhra Pradesh, - Goa, - Gujarat, - Karnataka, - Maharashtra, - Orissa, - Tamil Nadu, - West Bengal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
    • Malesia: Brunei; Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Micronesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Bermuda; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. 1996 (F St John)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Aymard, C. G. 1998. Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC. versus Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars (Papilionoideae) (Ernstia) 8:19-25.
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. The Leguminosae of Madagascar. 2002 (Leg Madag)
  • Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan Flora of Taiwan, 2nd ed. 1993- (F Taiwan ed2)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. 2008 (Pl Angol)
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. 1979-1982 (L Micrones)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales, ed. 2. 2002 (F NSWales ed2)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jardim e Museu Agricola do Ultramar, Portugal Flora de Sao Tome e Principe. 1972- (F STomPrin)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Lisowski, S. Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica vol. 41 & 42. 2009 (F Guinee)
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  • Missouri Botanical Garden W³Tropicos (on-line resource). (TROPICOS)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. 1984 (F Cayman)
  • Sauer, J. 1964. Revision of Canavalia (Brittonia) 16:164.
  • Seena, S. & K. R. Sridhar 2006. Nutritional and microbiological features of little known legumes, Canavalia cathartica Thouars and C. maritima Thouars of the southwest coast of India Curr. Sci. 90:1638-1650.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Snak, C. et al. 2016. A dated phylogeny of the papilionoid legume genus Canavalia reveals recent diversification by a pantropical liana lineage Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 98:133-146.
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. 1983-1989 (F SE Queensl)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Turner, B. L. et al. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24. 2003 (Atlas Tex)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Wagstaff, D. J. International poisonous plants checklist: an evidence-based reference. 2008 (Wagstaff)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. Legumes of China: a checklist. 2007 (Leg China)


Check other web resources for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image