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Taxon: Canna indica L.

 
Genus: Canna
Family: Cannaceae
Nomen number: 8858
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:1. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Feb-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 36 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • African arrowroot  (Source: Use Pl WT Afr) - English
  • edible canna  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Indian-shot  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • purple arrowroot  (Source: Use Pl WT Afr) - English
  • Queensland arrowroot  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Sierra Leone arrowroot  (Source: Use Pl WT Afr) - English
  • Indiese kanna  (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001) - Afrikaans
  • balisier comestible  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • tous-les-mois  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • eßbares Blumenrohr  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • westindisches Blumenrohr  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • albará  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bananeirinha-da-Índia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bananeirinha-de-flor  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • beri  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • caeté-dos-jardins  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cana-da-Índia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • achira  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • caña comestible  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • gruya  (Source: AH 505) - Spanish
  • platanillo  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish
  • yuquilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • röd arrowrot  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (as C. edulis)
  • Environmental:
  • Human food:
  • Materials: wrapping (for wrapping foods fide Blumea 53:281. 2008)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman] Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Guinea
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (e.), Queensland (e.)]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia, Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Samoa, Tonga


    Other (exact native range in neotropics obscure)

References:

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  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  3. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
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Check other web resources for Canna indica L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?8858. Accessed 21 October 2018.