Taxon: Capsicum annuum L.

 
Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 8904
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:188-189. 1753
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Dec-2010
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 3982 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Baja Sur
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Queretaro, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

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  • Ince, A. G. et al. 2010. Genetic relationships within and between Capsicum species Biochem. Genet. 48:83-95.
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  • Kraft, K. H. et al. 2014. Multiple lines of evidence for the origin of domesticated chili pepper, Capsicum annuum in Mexico Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111:6165-6170.
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  • Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
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  • Sánchez-Solana, F. et al. 2016. New pepper accessions proved to be suitable as a genetic resource for use in breeding nematode-resistant rootstocks Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 14:28-34.
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Check other web resources for Capsicum annuum L. :

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image