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Taxon: Capsicum annuum L.

 
Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 8904
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:188-189. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358207
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4132 (3589 active, 3403 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia (e.), Louisiana]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona (s.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica Note: treats as C. baccatum
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Carrizo García, C. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and expansion of chili peppers (Capsicum, Solanaceae). Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 118:35-51.
  6. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  7. D'Arcy, W. G. & W. H. Eshbaugh. 1974. New World peppers (Capsicum-Solanaceae) North of Colombia. A résumé . Baileya 19:98.
  8. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Capsicum+annuum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978-. Flora de Veracruz.
  12. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  13. Ibiza, V. P. et al. 2012. Taxonomy and genetic diversity of domesticated Capsicum species in the Andean region. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:1077-1088.
  14. Ince, A. G. et al. 2010. Genetic relationships within and between Capsicum species. Biochem. Genet. 48:83-95.
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  16. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2. Note: treats as C. baccatum
  17. Kochieva, E. Z. et al. 2004. Assessment of genetic relationships in the genus Capsicum using different DNA marker systems. Proceedings of the XIIth EUCARPIA meeting on genetics and breeding of Capsicum and eggplant, Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands, 17-19 May, 2004
  18. Kraft, K. H. et al. 2014. Multiple lines of evidence for the origin of domesticated chili pepper, Capsicum annuum in Mexico. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111:6165-6170.
  19. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  22. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  23. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  24. Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective. Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  25. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:87.
  26. NatureServe. 2009-. NatureServe Explorer: an online encyclopedia of life (on-line resource)
  27. Pickersgill, B. et al. 1979. Numerical taxonomic studies on variation and domestication in some species of Capsicum. The biology and taxonomy of the Solanacae 679-699.
  28. Pickersgill, B. 1997. Genetic resources and breeding of Capsicum spp.. Euphytica 96:129-133. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  29. Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. Note: treats as C. baccatum
  30. Rodriguez, J. M. et al. 1999. Variation among and within Capsicum species revealed by RAPD markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 99:147-156.
  31. Sánchez-Solana, F. et al. 2016. New pepper accessions proved to be suitable as a genetic resource for use in breeding nematode-resistant rootstocks. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 14:28-34.
  32. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:136-140.
  33. Smith, P. G. & C. B. Heiser, Jr. 1951. Taxonomic and genetic studies on the cultivated peppers, Capsicum annuum L. and C. frutescens L.. Amer. J. Bot. 38:362-368.
  34. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  35. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  36. Sui, Y. H. & N. B. Hu. 2015. Acquisition, identification and analysis of an interspecific Capsicum hybrid (C. annuum × C. chinense). J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 90:31-38. Note: hybrids were obtained by embryo rescue technique
  37. Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24
  38. van Zonneveld, M. et al. 2015. Screening genetic resources of Capsicum peppers in their primary center of diversity in Bolivia and Peru. PLoS One 10(9): e0134663.
  39. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/solanaceae/capsicum-annuum/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  40. Walsh, B. M. & S. B. Hoot. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 162:1409-1418.
  41. Weakley, A. S. 2007. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas.
  42. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  43. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  44. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  45. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Capsicum annuum L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?8904. Accessed 20 August 2019.