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Taxon: Capsicum annuum L.

 
Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 8904
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:188-189. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358207
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-May-2018
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4055 (3512 active, 3582 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia (e.), Louisiana]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona (s.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  6. Carrizo García, C. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and expansion of chili peppers (Capsicum, Solanaceae) Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 118:35-51.
  7. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  8. D'Arcy, W. G. & W. H. Eshbaugh 1974. New World peppers (Capsicum-Solanaceae) North of Colombia. A résumé (Baileya) 19:98.
  9. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  13. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  14. Ibiza, V. P. et al. 2012. Taxonomy and genetic diversity of domesticated Capsicum species in the Andean region Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:1077-1088.
  15. Ince, A. G. et al. 2010. Genetic relationships within and between Capsicum species Biochem. Genet. 48:83-95.
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  17. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. (F Ariz)
  18. Kochieva, E. Z. et al. 2004. Assessment of genetic relationships in the genus Capsicum using different DNA marker systems (Proc XII Eucarpia)
  19. Kraft, K. H. et al. 2014. Multiple lines of evidence for the origin of domesticated chili pepper, Capsicum annuum in Mexico Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111:6165-6170.
  20. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  23. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  24. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  25. Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  26. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:87.
  27. NatureServe NatureServe Explorer: an online encyclopedia of life (on-line resource). 2009- (NatureServe)
  28. Pickersgill, B. 1997. Genetic resources and breeding of Capsicum spp. (Euphytica) 96:129-133.
  29. Pickersgill, B. et al. Numerical taxonomic studies on variation and domestication in some species of Capsicum (Biol Solan) 679-699.
  30. Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. (F Cayman)
  31. Rodriguez, J. M. et al. 1999. Variation among and within Capsicum species revealed by RAPD markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 99:147-156.
  32. Sánchez-Solana, F. et al. 2016. New pepper accessions proved to be suitable as a genetic resource for use in breeding nematode-resistant rootstocks Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 14:28-34.
  33. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:136-140.
  34. Smith, P. G. & C. B. Heiser, Jr. 1951. Taxonomic and genetic studies on the cultivated peppers, Capsicum annuum L. and C. frutescens L. Amer. J. Bot. 38:362-368.
  35. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  36. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  37. Sui, Y. H. & N. B. Hu 2015. Acquisition, identification and analysis of an interspecific Capsicum hybrid (C. annuum × C. chinense) J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 90:31-38.
  38. Turner, B. L. et al. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24. 2003 (Atlas Tex)
  39. van Zonneveld, M. et al. 2015. Screening genetic resources of Capsicum peppers in their primary center of diversity in Bolivia and Peru (PloS One) 10(9): e0134663.
  40. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  41. Walsh, B. M. & S. B. Hoot 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns Int. J. Pl. Sci. 162:1409-1418.
  42. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas. (F Carol Virg Georg)
  43. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  44. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  45. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Check other web resources for Capsicum annuum L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?8904. Accessed 20 November 2018.