Taxon: Cardiospermum halicacabum L.

Genus: Cardiospermum
Family: Sapindaceae
  Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Nomen number: 9014
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:366. 1753
Name Verified on: 12-Dec-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F LAnt; F Viti)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):176. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide State Noxweed Seed)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range obscure, probable origin neotropics


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Eastern Cape, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Equatorial Guinea - Bioko
    • Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
    • China: China
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Indochina; Myanmar; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Kitts; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Guatemala; Honduras; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. 2011. Review of Sapindaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 26 Mar.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. 1996 (F St John)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. 1963- (F Cameroun)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. Conspectus florae angolensis. 1937- (F Angol)
  • Cheung, Siu-cheong & Ning-hon Li, eds. Chinese medicinal herbs of Hong Kong. 1978- (Chin Med Herb HK)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Craib, W. G. & A. F. G. Kerr, eds. Florae siamensis enumeratio. 1925-1962 (F Siam)
  • Dubs, B. Prodromus florae matogrossensis. Botany of Mato Grosso, series B, no. 3. 1998 (L Mato Grosso)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):176.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Pittier, H. F. et al. Catálogo de la flora venezolana. 1945-1947 (L Venez)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2) Flora Madhya Pradesh. 1993- (F Madhya Prad)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Cardiospermum halicacabum L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image