Taxon: Cardiospermum halicacabum L.

 
Genus: Cardiospermum
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Nomen number: 9014
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:366. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 12-Dec-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F LAnt; F Viti)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_22.html,)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):176. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Equatorial Guinea [Bioko]
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Yemen
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, [St. Kitts] St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Honduras, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Other (exact native range obscure, probable origin neotropics)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. 2011. Review of Sapindaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 26 Mar.
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  5. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. (F Cameroun)
  6. Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  7. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  8. Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. Conspectus florae angolensis. (F Angol)
  9. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  10. Craib, W. G. & A. F. G. Kerr, eds. Florae siamensis enumeratio. (F Siam)
  11. Dubs, B. Prodromus florae matogrossensis. Botany of Mato Grosso, series B, no. 3. (L Mato Grosso)
  12. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  13. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  14. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  15. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  16. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  17. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  18. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  20. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  21. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  22. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  23. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  24. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  25. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  26. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  28. Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  29. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  30. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  31. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  32. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):176.
  33. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  34. Pittier, H. F. et al. Catálogo de la flora venezolana. (L Venez)
  35. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  36. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  37. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  38. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  39. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  40. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  41. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  42. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  43. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  44. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  45. Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2) Flora Madhya Pradesh. (F Madhya Prad)
  46. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  47. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Cardiospermum halicacabum L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9014. Accessed 19 June 2018.