Taxon: Carica papaya L.

 
Genus: Carica
Family: Caricaceae
Nomen number: 9147
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1036. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Hilo (HILO)
Accessions: 65 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: potential as clarifier (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Food additives: potential as fermentation retarder (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Food additives: stabilizer (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Food additives: tenderizer (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide CultTropS)
  • Human food: fruit (fide CultTropS)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of papaya (fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 65:46-53. 2012)
  • Materials: chemicals (source of papain used in pharmacy & perfumery fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: source of chymopapin & papain (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Northern America

    • Mexico
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas ; Cuba ; Dominican Republic ; Grenada ; Guadeloupe ; Haiti ; Jamaica ; Martinique ; Puerto Rico ; St. Vincent and Grenadines ; Trinidad and Tobago ; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia ; Ecuador ; Peru

  • Cultivated

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii

References:

  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Angely, J. A. Flora analitica do Parana. (L Parana)
  • Badillo, V. M. 1971. Monografia de la familia Caricaceae. 1971 (Monog Caricaceae) 63-76.
  • Carvalho, F. A. & S. S. Renner 2012. A dated phylogeny of the papaya family (Caricaceae) reveals the crop's closest relatives and the family's biogeographic history Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 65:46-53.
  • Chávez-Pesqueira, M. & J. Núñez-Farfán 2016. Genetic diversity and structure of wild populations of Carica papaya in Northern Mesoamerica inferred by nuclear microsatellites and chloroplast markers Ann. Bot. (Oxford)
  • Chávez-Pesqueira, M. et al. 2014. Habitat fragmentation threatens wild populations of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) in a lowland rainforest Amer. J. Bot. 101:1092-1101.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • Gooding, E. G. et al. Flora of Barbados. (F Barbados)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Killeen, T. J. et al. Guia de arboles de Bolivia. 1993 (Trees Bolivia)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Mori, S. A. et al. Guide to the vascular plants of Central French Guiana (Mem. New York Bot Gard. 76). 1997- (F C French Guiana)
  • O'Brien, C. M. & R. A. Drew 2009. Potential for using Vasconcellea parviflora as a bridging species in intergeneric hybridisation between V. pubescens and Carica papaya Austral. J. Bot. 57:592-601.
  • Pennington, T. D. et al. Illustrated guide to the trees of Peru. 2004 (Trees Peru Ill Guide)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. Flora of Suriname. 1932- (F Suriname)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Rockinger, A. et al. 2016. Chromosome number reduction in the sister clade of Carica papaya with concomitant genome size doubling Amer. J. Bot. 103:1-7.
  • Siar, S. V. et al. 2011. Papaya ringspot virus resistance in Carica papaya via introgression from Vasconcellea quercifolia (Euphytica) 181:159-168.
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:108.
  • Wickens, G. E. et al., eds. New crops for food and industry. 1989 (New Crops Food Ind)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Carica papaya L. :

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image