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Taxon: Carica papaya L.

 
Genus: Carica
Family: Caricaceae
Nomen number: 9147
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1036. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Hilo (HILO)
Accessions: 540 (65 active, 15 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: potential as clarifier; potential as fermentation retarder; stabilizer; tenderizer
  • Human food: fruit
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: source of chymopapin & papain (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay


References:

  1. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Angely, J. A. Flora analitica do Parana. (L Parana)
  4. Badillo, V. M. 1971. Monografia de la familia Caricaceae. 1971 (Monog Caricaceae) 63-76.
  5. Carvalho, F. A. & S. S. Renner 2012. A dated phylogeny of the papaya family (Caricaceae) reveals the crop's closest relatives and the family's biogeographic history Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 65:46-53.
  6. Chávez-Pesqueira, M. & J. Núñez-Farfán 2016. Genetic diversity and structure of wild populations of Carica papaya in Northern Mesoamerica inferred by nuclear microsatellites and chloroplast markers Ann. Bot. (Oxford)
  7. Chávez-Pesqueira, M. et al. 2014. Habitat fragmentation threatens wild populations of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) in a lowland rainforest Amer. J. Bot. 101:1092-1101.
  8. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  12. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  15. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  16. Gooding, E. G. et al. Flora of Barbados. (F Barbados)
  17. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  18. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  19. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  20. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  21. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  22. Killeen, T. J. et al. Guia de arboles de Bolivia. 1993 (Trees Bolivia)
  23. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  24. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  26. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  27. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  28. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  29. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  30. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  31. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  32. Mori, S. A. et al. Guide to the vascular plants of Central French Guiana (Mem. New York Bot Gard. 76). (F C French Guiana)
  33. O'Brien, C. M. & R. A. Drew 2009. Potential for using Vasconcellea parviflora as a bridging species in intergeneric hybridisation between V. pubescens and Carica papaya Austral. J. Bot. 57:592-601.
  34. Pennington, T. D. et al. Illustrated guide to the trees of Peru. 2004 (Trees Peru Ill Guide)
  35. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  37. Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. Flora of Suriname. (F Suriname)
  38. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  39. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  40. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  41. Rockinger, A. et al. 2016. Chromosome number reduction in the sister clade of Carica papaya with concomitant genome size doubling Amer. J. Bot. 103:1-7.
  42. Siar, S. V. et al. 2011. Papaya ringspot virus resistance in Carica papaya via introgression from Vasconcellea quercifolia (Euphytica) 181:159-168.
  43. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  44. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  45. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  46. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  47. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:108.
  48. Wickens, G. E. et al., eds. New crops for food and industry. 1989 (New Crops Food Ind)
  49. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  50. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Check other web resources for Carica papaya L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9147. Accessed 17 August 2018.