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Taxon: Carica papaya L.

 
Genus: Carica
Family: Caricaceae
Nomen number: 9147
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1036. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 540 (65 active, 15 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: potential as clarifier; potential as fermentation retarder; stabilizer; tenderizer
  • Human food: fruit
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: source of chymopapin & papain (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, United States [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay


References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Angely, J. A. 1965. Flora analitica do Parana.
  4. Badillo, V. M. 1971. Monografia de la familia Caricaceae 63-76.
  5. Carvalho, F. A. & S. S. Renner. 2012. A dated phylogeny of the papaya family (Caricaceae) reveals the crop's closest relatives and the family's biogeographic history. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 65:46-53.
  6. Chávez-Pesqueira, M. & J. Núñez-Farfán. 2016. Genetic diversity and structure of wild populations of Carica papaya in Northern Mesoamerica inferred by nuclear microsatellites and chloroplast markers. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcw183
  7. Chávez-Pesqueira, M. et al. 2014. Habitat fragmentation threatens wild populations of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) in a lowland rainforest. Amer. J. Bot. 101:1092-1101.
  8. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  12. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Carica+papaya&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  15. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978-. Flora de Veracruz.
  16. Gooding, E. G. et al. 1965. Flora of Barbados.
  17. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  18. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  19. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  20. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  21. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  22. Killeen, T. J. et al. 1993. Guia de arboles de Bolivia
  23. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  24. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  26. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  27. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  28. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida.
  29. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  30. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  31. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  32. Mori, S. A. et al. 1997-. Guide to the vascular plants of Central French Guiana (Mem. New York Bot Gard. 76).
  33. O'Brien, C. M. & R. A. Drew. 2009. Potential for using Vasconcellea parviflora as a bridging species in intergeneric hybridisation between V. pubescens and Carica papaya. Austral. J. Bot. 57:592-601.
  34. Pennington, T. D. et al. 2004. Illustrated guide to the trees of Peru
  35. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  37. Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. 1932-. Flora of Suriname.
  38. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  39. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  40. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  41. Rockinger, A. et al. 2016. Chromosome number reduction in the sister clade of Carica papaya with concomitant genome size doubling. Amer. J. Bot. 103:1-7. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1600134 Note: 2n=18
  42. Siar, S. V. et al. 2011. Papaya ringspot virus resistance in Carica papaya via introgression from Vasconcellea quercifolia. Euphytica 181:159-168. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  43. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  44. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  45. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  46. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  47. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:108.
  48. Wickens, G. E. et al., eds. 1989. New crops for food and industry
  49. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  50. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Carica papaya L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9147. Accessed 20 August 2019.