Taxon: Carica papaya L.

Genus: Carica
Family: Caricaceae
Nomen number: 9147
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1036. 1753
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Hilo (HILO)
Accessions: 528 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: potential as clarifier (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Food additives: potential as fermentation retarder (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Food additives: stabilizer (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Food additives: tenderizer (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide CultTropS)
  • Human food: fruit (fide CultTropS)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of papaya (fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 65:46-53. 2012)
  • Materials: chemicals (source of papain used in pharmacy & perfumery fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: source of chymopapin & papain (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii


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Check other web resources for Carica papaya L. :


  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image