Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb.

 
Genus: Carthamus
Section: Carthamus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9239
Place of publication: Tabl. prov. Mer casp. 118. 1798 (Fl. taur.-caucas. 2:283. 1808)
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • although there is no evidence in either Tabl. prov. Mer casp. (1798) or Fl. taur.-caucas. 2:283 (1808) that the author intended this epithet as a substantive, in Fl. taur.-caucas. 3:562. 1819 he lists this as Carthamus Oxyacantha, confirming his earlier intent
  • • because this species epithet was published as a noun in apposition, it retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Shenzhen ICN Art. 23.5)
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 106 (52 active, 21 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • wild safflower  (Source: USDA/APHIS) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Carthamus_oxyacanthus/ target='_blank'
  2. Babu, C. R. 1977. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun.
  3. Bhandari, M. M. 1978. Flora of the Indian desert.
  4. Chapman, M. A. & J. M. Burke. 2007. DNA sequence diversity and the origin of cultivated safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.; Asteraceae). B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 7:60(1-9).
  5. Chapman, M. A. et al. 2010. Population genetic analysis of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius; Asteraceae) reveals a Near Eastern origin and five centers of diversity. Amer. J. Bot. 97:831-840.
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press. Note: lists as "oxyacanthus"
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Hanelt, P. 1963. Monographische Übersicht der Gattung Carthamus L. (Compositae). Feddes Repert. 67:83-90. Note: lists as "oxyacanthus"
  9. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: lists as "oxyacanthus"
  11. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as "oxyacanthus"
  12. Mayerhofer, M. et al. 2011. Introgression potential between safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and wild relatives of the genus Carthamus. B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 11:47. Note: lists as "oxyacanthus"
  13. McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934. Note: lists as "oxyacanthus"
  14. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. Note: lists as "oxyacanthus"
  15. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource).
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  17. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  18. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  19. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  20. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2000. Karyology, generic delineation and dysploidy in the genera Carduncellus, Carthamus and Phonus (Asteraceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134:425-438.

Check other web resources for Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb. :

  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9239. Accessed 21 October 2019.