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Taxon: Carum carvi L.

 
Genus: Carum
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Careae
Nomen number: 9245
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:263. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 45 (26 active, 20 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: potential as source of pollen
  • Food additives:
  • Materials: lipids (used in cosmetics)
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kamchatka]
    • CHINA: China [Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (Kashmir & Jammu), Nepal, Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (widely cult. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Carum_carvi/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Carum+carvi&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  11. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  12. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  13. Langenberger, M. W. & A. R. Davis. 2002. Honey bee pollen foraging in relation to flowering phenology of biennial caraway (Carum carvi L.). Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 82:203-215.
  14. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance. 1993. Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India
  20. Mukherjee, P. K. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. India common names
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  22. Pank, F. 2010. Aims and results of breeding research on eight medicinal and aromatic plants - A survey. Israel J. Pl. Sci. 58:241-249.
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  25. Randall, R. P. 2002. A global compendium of weeds
  26. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  28. van Roon, E. & H. J. Bleijenberg. 1964. Breeding caraway for non-shattering seed. Euphytica 13:281-293. Note: it examined biennial forms
  29. Watson, J. F. 1868. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products
  30. Watson, M. F. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  31. Zakharova, E. A. et al. 2012. Redefined generic limits of Carum (Umbelliferae, Apioideae) and new systematic placement of some of its taxa. Willdenowia 42:149-168.

Check other web resources for Carum carvi L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9245. Accessed 17 July 2019.