Taxon: Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.

Genus: Ceiba
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Nomen number: 9703
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 2:244. 1791
Name Verified on: 06-Oct-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Oct-2003
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 33 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3; TreesS Mex; F Guat)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3; TreesS Mex; F Guat)
  • Materials: fiber (fiber for filling pillows, life preserves and mattresses fide F Guat; F Ceylon)
  • Materials: lipids (oil for soap fide F Guat; F Ceylon)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range obscure


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - San Luis Potosi, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Nayarit, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Acre, - Maranhao, - Para, - Roraima
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles - Curacao; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British) - Virgin Gorda
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Bolivia - Santa Cruz; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru - Huanuco, - Loreto, - Pasco

  • Naturalized:

  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Nauru; Tonga

  • Cultivated:

    • :
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines


  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Angely, J. A. Flora analítica e fitográfica do Estado de São Paulo. 1970- (F Anal Sao Paulo)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. 1963- (F Cameroun)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas. 1992 (L Guianas)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants (Pl Res SEAs) 17:99-103.
  • Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1985-2004 (Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Dodson, C. H. & A. H. Gentry Flora of the Rio Palenque science center. 1978 (F RPalenq)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
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  • Gibbs, P. & J. Semir 2003. A taxonomic revision of the genus Ceiba Mill. (Bombacaceae) Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 60:259-300.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
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  • Keay, R. W. J. Trees of Nigeria. 1989 (Trees Nigeria)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
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  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:374.
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Check other web resources for Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.