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Taxon: Cenchrus biflorus Roxb.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9791
Place of publication: Fl. ind. 1:238. 1820
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Jan-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • India sandbur  (Source: Names Beetle) - English
  • capim-carrapicho  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya (e.), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar)
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Limpopo]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (n.)


    Naturalized (widely natzd. paleotropic weed)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  4. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  5. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Cenchrus+biflorus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  9. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  12. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  13. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  14. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  15. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  16. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  17. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  18. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  19. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  20. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Cenchrus biflorus Roxb. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9791. Accessed 20 September 2019.