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Taxon: Centaurea cyanus L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9817
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:911. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 10 (6 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur]
    • CHINA: China [Qinghai, Xinjiang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan (n.)

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, [Crete] Romania

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Pichincha]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. Bailey, L. H. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed. (Bailey)
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  17. Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. (F NSWales)
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  19. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  20. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  22. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  24. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  25. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  29. Ochsmann, J. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America (Centaurea Pages)
  30. Parsa, A. Flore de l'Iran. (F IranPars)
  31. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  32. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  33. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  34. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  35. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  36. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  37. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  38. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Centaurea cyanus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9817. Accessed 22 November 2018.