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Taxon: Centaurea jacea L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9821
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:914. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • brown knapweed  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • brown-ray knapweed  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • brown knapweed   - English (Canada)
  • centaurée jacée  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • jacée  (Source: Centaurea Pages) - French
  • jacée des prés  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • centaurée jacée   - French (Canada)
  • Wiesen-Flockenblume  (Source: Zander ed16) - German
  • rödklint  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey (n.e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Gorno-Altay, Altay, Novosibirsk, Tyumen (s.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria (s.e.), Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Krasnoyarsk (s.)]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland (s.e.)]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France [Corse]

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Maryland, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini. 1978. Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires.
  3. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2.
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 272.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Centaurea+jacea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  12. Hardy, O. J. & X. Vekemans. 2001. Patterns of allozyme variation in diploid and tetraploid Centaurea jacea at different spatial scales. Evolution 55:943-954.
  13. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  15. Jarvis, C. E. & N. J. Turland, eds. 1998. Typification of Linnaean specific and varietal names in the Compositae (Asteraceae). Taxon 47:357. Note: typification
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur. 79.
  21. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  22. Ochsmann, J. 2001. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America. Welcome to the Centaurea pages URL: http://www.centaurea.net/centaurea-America.htm target='_blank'
  23. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  24. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  25. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  26. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  27. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  29. Vanderhoeven, S. et al. 2002. A morphometric study of populations of the Centaurea jacea complex (Asteraceae) in Belgium. Pl. Biol. 4:403-412.
  30. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Centaurea jacea L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9821. Accessed 21 August 2019.