Taxon: Centaurea solstitialis L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9827
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:917. 1753
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Hungary
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman
    • Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Germany; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Norway
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Netherlands; Poland
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Ochsmann, J. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America (Centaurea Pages)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Centaurea solstitialis L. :