Taxon: Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.

 
Genus: Centella
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
  Subfamily: Mackinlayoideae
Nomen number: 9831
Place of publication: C. F. P. von Martius, Fl. bras. 11(1):287, t. 78. 1879
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide HortTechnology 6:13-18. 1996)
  • Medicines: source of asiaticoside (fide Import Medicinal Pl; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):190. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Norway
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Cambodia

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Cheung, Siu-cheong & Ning-hon Li, eds. Chinese medicinal herbs of Hong Kong. 1978- (Chin Med Herb HK)
  • Chopra, D. & D. Simon The Chopra Center herbal handbook: forty natural prescriptions for perfect health. 2000 (Chopra Herbal)
  • Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute African flowering plants database (on-line resource). (L Africa Online)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 3:1259.
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
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  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
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  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):190.
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Peiris, K. H. S. & S. J. Kays 1996. Asiatic Pennywort (Centella asiatica (L) Urb.): A little-known vegetable crop HortTechnol. 6:13-18.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
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  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image