Taxon: Cephalanthus occidentalis L.

Genus: Cephalanthus
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Cinchonoideae
Tribe: Naucleeae
Nomen number: 9854
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:95. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 31 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. (Atlas Tenn)
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:234.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. (Atlas GPlains)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Ridsdale, C. E. 1976. A revision of the tribe Cephalantheae (Rubiaceae) (Blumea) 23:180.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. (F WVa)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)

Check other web resources for Cephalanthus occidentalis L. :


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image