Taxon: Cephalanthus occidentalis L.

 
Genus: Cephalanthus
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Cinchonoideae
Tribe: Naucleeae
Nomen number: 9854
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:95. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 32 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/ceoc2.htm), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rubiaceae&GenusID=Cephalanthus&SpeciesID=occidentalis), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • Mexico


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  3. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  4. Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. (Atlas Tenn)
  5. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:234.
  6. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  9. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  12. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  14. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  16. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  17. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  18. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. (Atlas GPlains)
  19. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  20. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  21. Ridsdale, C. E. 1976. A revision of the tribe Cephalantheae (Rubiaceae) (Blumea) 23:180.
  22. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  23. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  24. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  25. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. (F WVa)
  26. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)

Check other web resources for Cephalanthus occidentalis L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9854. Accessed 23 May 2018.