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Taxon: Ceratonia siliqua L.

 
Genus: Ceratonia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Nomen number: 9918
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1026. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 16-Feb-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 136 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Environmental: shade/shelter
  • Food additives: sweetener; thickening agent
  • Fuels: fuelwood
  • Human food:
  • Materials: gum/resin (carob bean gum for numerous uses)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.e.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Lebanon, Syria (w.), Turkey

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Batlle, I. & J. Tous. 1997. Carob tree. Ceratonia siliqua L.. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 17:1-92.
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  6. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ceratonia+siliqua&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  11. Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):134.
  12. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  13. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  14. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  16. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  17. La Malfa, S. et al. 2014. Genetic diversity revealed by EST-SSR markers in carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.). Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 55:205-211.
  18. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 123.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  21. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  24. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  25. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  26. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  30. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  31. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  32. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  37. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Ceratonia siliqua L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?9918. Accessed 22 November 2019.