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Taxon: Senna occidentalis (L.) Link

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100059
Place of publication: Handbuch 2:140. 1831
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Mar-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 46 (23 active, 22 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit; vegetable
  • Medicines:
  • Social:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sinaloa, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Colima, Jalisco, Michoacán de Ocampo, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, [Saba] St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S., Virgin Islands, U.S., Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British) [Tortola]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, [Esmeraldas, Los Ríos, Manabí] Peru [Loreto, San Martín, Ucayali]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán] Paraguay, [Amambay, Caaguazú, Caazapá, Central, Cordillera, Guairá, Ñeembucú, Alto Paraguay, Paraguarí, Presidente Hayes] Uruguay [Artigas, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Salto, Soriano]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Lebanon
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Papua] Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Brunei Darussalam, Christmas Island, Indonesia, [Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Sumatera] Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, United States [Northern Mariana Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Samoa, Tonga


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Boggan, J. et al. 1997. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  5. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  8. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  9. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  10. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds Note: = Cassia
  11. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  12. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  13. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  14. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  15. International Legume Database & Information Service. International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource).
  16. Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby. 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:436.
  17. Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii)
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  19. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  20. Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia
  21. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist
  22. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald. 1994. Legumes of Indochina: a checklist
  23. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist
  24. Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa. Kew Bull. 43:340.
  25. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  26. Luckow, M. 1996. The cultivated species of Cassia, Senna, and Chamaecrista (Leguminosae). Baileya 23:226-227.
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  28. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:88. Note: = Cassia
  30. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia. Note: = Cassia
  31. Randell, B. R. 1988. Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11:41.
  32. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  33. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  34. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 16:111.
  35. Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  37. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida
  38. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.

Check other web resources for Senna occidentalis (L.) Link :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100059. Accessed 18 February 2020.