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Taxon: Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.

 
Genus: Cirsium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 100755
Place of publication: Fl. carniol. ed. 2, 2:126. 1772
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-May-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • boar thistle  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • California thistle  (Source: Noxweed Aust) - English
  • Canada thistle  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Canadian thistle  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • creeping thistle  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • field thistle  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • perennial thistle  (Source: Econ Pl Aust) - English
  • Canada thistle   - English (Canada)
  • chardon des champs  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • chardon du Canada  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • cirse des champs  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • chardon des champs   - French (Canada)
  • Acker-Kratzdistel  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cardo-canadense  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • åkertistel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Khabarovsk, Primorye, Amur, Magadan, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu, Beijing Shi, Shanghai Shi, Tianjin Shi]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal] Nepal

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Iceland

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego] Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  5. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 268-269.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  15. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  16. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  17. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  18. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  21. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  24. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  25. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  27. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  28. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  29. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  30. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/canthistle.shtml target='_blank'
  33. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  34. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  35. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100755. Accessed 18 September 2019.