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Taxon: Tribulus terrestris L.

 
Genus: Tribulus
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamily: Tribuloideae
Nomen number: 100965
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:387. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.e.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (n.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized



    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Sagástegui Alva, A. & S. Leiva González. 1993. Flora invasora de los cultivos del Perú. 129-130.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62
  5. Barker, R. M. 1998. A trial key and notes on Tribulus (Zygophyllaceae) in Australia, including one new species and validation of Tribulus suberosus. Nuytsia 12:29.
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 161.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  11. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  12. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening 4:497.
  14. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  15. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  16. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa
  17. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  21. Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966-1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  22. Middleditch, B. S. & A. M. Amer. 1991. Kuwaiti plants: distribution, traditional medicine, phytochemistry,... economic value (Studies in Plant Science 2).
  23. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:132.
  24. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  25. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  26. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  27. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  28. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Robyns, W. et al., eds. 1948-1963. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi
  31. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  32. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  33. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  34. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:380.
  37. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  38. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Tribulus terrestris L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100965. Accessed 18 September 2019.