Taxon: Tribulus terrestris L.

 
Genus: Tribulus
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamily: Tribuloideae
Nomen number: 100965
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:387. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Gabon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.e.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (n.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized



    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Sagástegui Alva, A. & S. Leiva González 1993. Flora invasora de los cultivos del Perú. (F Inv Cult Peru) 129-130.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  4. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  5. Barker, R. M. 1998. A trial key and notes on Tribulus (Zygophyllaceae) in Australia, including one new species and validation of Tribulus suberosus (Nuytsia) 12:29.
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  10. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  11. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard) 4:497.
  13. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  14. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  15. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  16. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  20. Merxmüller, H., ed. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika. (F Namib)
  21. Middleditch, B. S. & A. M. Amer Kuwaiti plants: distribution, traditional medicine, phytochemistry,... economic value (Studies in Plant Science 2). (Kuwait Pl)
  22. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:132.
  23. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  24. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  27. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  29. Robyns, W. et al., eds. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. 1948-63 (F CongoRB)
  30. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  31. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  32. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  33. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  34. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  35. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:380.
  36. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)

Check other web resources for Tribulus terrestris L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100965. Accessed 22 April 2018.