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Taxon: Viola alba Besser

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 101095
Place of publication: Prim. fl. Galiciae austriac. 1:171. 1809
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco (n.), Tunisia (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iraq (n.), Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland (s.), Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Sweden
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  3. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  4. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  9. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  10. Marcussen, T. & I. Nordal. 1998. Viola suavis, a new species in the Nordic flora, with analyses of the relation to other species in the subsection Viola (Violaceae). Nordic J. Bot. 18:221.
  11. Marcussen, T. 2003. Evolution, phylogeography, and taxonomy within the Viola alba complex (Violaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 237:51-74.
  12. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  13. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  14. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  15. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  16. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.

Check other web resources for Viola alba Besser :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola alba cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101095. Accessed 8 December 2019.