Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) P. Beauv.

Genus: Alternanthera
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 101486
Place of publication: Fl. Oware 2:66, t. 99, fig. 1. 1818 "ficoides" (Smith in Rees, Cycl. 39(2)(suppl.): Alternanthera no. 8. 1819)
Link to protologue:
Comment: based on Gomphrena ficoidea L., which is conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV) according to traditional application sensu A. tenella Colla
Name Verified on: 24-Jun-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • parrotleaf  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • sanguinarea  (Source: F NAmer) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)


  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica Note: lists as Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) Roem. & Schult.
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Brummitt, R. K. 1982. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 24. Taxon 31:540-541. Note: Committee now recommends rejection of Alternanthera ficoidea
  4. Brummitt, R. K. 1985. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 29. Taxon 34:662. Note: earlier decision not reversed
  5. Brummitt, R. K. 1989. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 36. Taxon 38:299. Note: Committee now recommends rejection of Alternanthera ficoidea
  6. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. Note: uses in the sense of Alternanthera paronichyoides A. St. Hil.
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage Note: lists as Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult.
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  10. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. Note: sensu auct. = Alternanthera tenella Colla
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: lists as Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) R. Br.
  12. Kanis, A. 1983. (697) Proposal to reconsider rejection of Gomphrena ficoidea (L.) (Amaranthaceae); lectotypification and rejection of species names. Taxon 32:316-319.
  13. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult.
  15. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  16. Mears, J. A. 1978. The nomenclature and type collections of the widespread taxa of Alternanthera (Amaranthaceae). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 129:7. Note: = Alternanthera paronychoides A. St. Hil.
  17. Mears, J. A. 1980. The Linnaean species of Gomphrena L. (Amaranthaceae). Taxon 29:89-90.
  18. Nicolson, D. H. et al. 1991. Flora of Dominica, Part 2: Dicotyledonae. Smithsonian contributions to botany vol. 77. 20. Note: mentions in sense of Alternanthera paronychioides A. St. Hil.
  19. Pedersen, T. M. 1980. Comment on proposal (449) on Alternanthera ficoidea. Taxon 29:326-328.
  20. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense. Note: lists as Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) R. Br.
  21. Still, S. M. 1994. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4
  22. Veldkamp, J. F. 1978. (449) A proposal to reject the name Alternanthera ficoidea (Linné) Beauv. (Amaranthaceae) in favour of Alternanthera tenella Colla. Taxon 27:313.
  23. Voss, E. G. 1986. General Committee Report 1982-1985. Taxon 35:552. Note: approval by General Committee as nom. rejic.
  24. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: lists as Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) Roem. & Schult.

Check other web resources for Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) P. Beauv. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101486. Accessed 6 December 2019.