Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.

 
Genus: Alternanthera
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 101502
Place of publication: Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24:36. 1879 (Symb. fl. argent.)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • alligator-weed  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • piriquito  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • xi han lian zi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (c.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Kalimantan, Jawa]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Louisiana]


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


References:

  1. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  2. Buckingham, G. R. 1996. Biological control of alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroides, the world's first aquatic weed success story. Castanea 61:232-243.
  3. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  4. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource).
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  8. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  10. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  11. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  15. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida.
  16. Mears, J. A. 1978. The nomenclature and type collections of the widespread taxa of Alternanthera (Amaranthaceae). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 129:14-16.
  17. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):108.
  18. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  21. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  22. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/aquatics/alligatorweed.shtml target='_blank'
  23. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  24. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama. Note: mentions
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  26. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101502. Accessed 24 August 2019.