Taxon: Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.

 
Genus: Alternanthera
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 101502
Place of publication: Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24:36. 1879 (Symb. fl. argent.)
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • alligator-weed  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • piriquito  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • xi han lian zi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (aquarium plant fide Dict Gard; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):108. 1999)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Castanea 61:232-243. 1996; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (c.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Java, Kalimantan]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Louisiana]


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


References:

  1. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  2. Buckingham, G. R. 1996. Biological control of alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroides, the world's first aquatic weed success story (Castanea) 61:232-243.
  3. Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  4. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource). (FL AquaNoxweed)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  8. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  11. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  15. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  16. Mears, J. A. 1978. The nomenclature and type collections of the widespread taxa of Alternanthera (Amaranthaceae) Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 129:14-16.
  17. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):108.
  18. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  21. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  22. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  23. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  24. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101502. Accessed 21 April 2018.