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Taxon: Typha latifolia L.

 
Genus: Typha
Family: Typhaceae
Tribe: Typheae
Nomen number: 101629
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:971. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 12 (10 active, 6 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • broadleaf cattail  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • bulrush  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • common cattail  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Cooper's-reed  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • giant reed-mace  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • great cattail  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • soft-flag  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • roseau des étangs  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • tabua-larga  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • espadaña común  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • piriope  (Source: F Parag) - Spanish
  • totora  (Source: F Parag) - Spanish
  • tule espidilla  (Source: F NAmer) - Spanish
  • bredkaveldun  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania (n.), Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Nigeria

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Kamchatka, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China (n.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Kalmykia, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory (c.)] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3842), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Typhaceae&GenusID=Typha&SpeciesID=latifolia), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America (s.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. (F BuenAir)
  4. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Aquatic and wetland plants of southwestern United States, 2 vol. 1975 (Aquat SW US)
  5. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. (Aquat SE US)
  11. Hess, H. E. et al. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2. (F Switz)
  12. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  13. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  14. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  17. Lot, A. et al. 1999. Catálogo de angiospermas acuáticas de México Cuad. Inst. Biol. 33:75.
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  19. Missouri Botanical Garden W³Tropicos (on-line resource). (TROPICOS)
  20. Morton, J. F. 1975. Cattails (Typha spp.) - weed problem or potential crop? Econ. Bot. 29:9.
  21. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  22. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  23. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  24. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  28. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  29. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  30. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga) 1:68.
  31. Spichiger, R., ed. Flora del Paraguay. (F Parag)
  32. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  33. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  34. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  35. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Typha latifolia L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101629. Accessed 21 November 2018.