Taxon: Trapa natans L. var. bispinosa (Roxb.) Makino

Genus: Trapa
Family: Lythraceae
Nomen number: 101635
Place of publication: Y. Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu ed. 3, 1:137. 1907
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Aug-2008
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • singhara-nut  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • singhara Wassernuß  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: nut (fide F Pak)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal
    • West Tropical Africa: Guinea-Bissau
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Iran
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan


  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. 1976 (F Hassan)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)


Check other web resources for Trapa natans L. var. bispinosa (Roxb.) Makino :