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Taxon: Chelidonium majus L.

 
Genus: Chelidonium
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Papaveroideae
Tribe: Chelidonieae
Nomen number: 10169
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:505. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 18-Jul-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • celandine  (Source: Dict Econ Pl) - English
  • great celandine  (Source: CRC MedHerbs) - English
  • greater celandine  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • nipplewort  (Source: CRC MedHerbs) - English
  • swallowwort  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • greater celandine   - English (Canada)
  • grande chélidoine   - French (Canada)
  • Schöllkraut  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • skelört  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • bai qu cai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • čistotel bol'šoj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.e.)
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland (s.), Ireland, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 106.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Chelidonium+majus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  14. Grey-Wilson, C. 1993. Poppies: The poppy family in the wild and in cultivation 30.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  16. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  17. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  18. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  19. Kadereit, J. W. 2011. Review of Papaveraceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm.
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  22. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  23. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  26. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  27. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  29. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  31. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Chelidonium majus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10169. Accessed 23 August 2019.