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Taxon: Firmiana simplex (L.) W. Wight

 
Genus: Firmiana
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Sterculioideae
Nomen number: 102001
Place of publication: Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 142:67. 1909, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: the basionym Hibiscus simplex L. was conserved (nom. cons., Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV) with a conserved type
Name Verified on: 13-Mar-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 12 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Chinese parasol-tree  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Chinese-bottletree  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Japanese varnishtree  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • phoenixtree  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • chinesischer Sonnenschirmbaum  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • ao-giri  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • wu tong  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • byeogodongnamu  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials: fiber

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu (c. & w.), Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Taiwan


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Applequist, W. L. 2012. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 64. Taxon 61:1115-1116. Note: proposal recommended
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Door, L. J. 2011. (2041) Proposal to conserve the name Hibiscus simplex (Firmiana simplex)(Malvaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 60:1781-1782.
  4. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. 1993-. Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  10. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977-1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  11. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976) Note: = Firmiana platanifolia (L. f.) Schott & Endl.
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  13. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: introduced
  14. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  15. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  16. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  17. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  18. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  19. Wilson, K. L. 2016. Report of the General Committee: 13. Taxon 65:381. Note: proposal recommended
  20. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Firmiana simplex (L.) W. Wight :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=102001. Accessed 24 July 2019.