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Taxon: Elymus hystrix L.

 
Genus: Elymus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 102306
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:560. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10 (8 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (as Hystrix patula)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (s.), Ontario (s.), New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba (s.e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Connecticut]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e.), North Dakota (e.), South Dakota (e.), Illinois, Oklahoma (e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (n.), Arkansas, Georgia (n.), Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Dewey, D. R. 1983. Historical and current taxonomic perspectives of Agropyron, Elymus and related genera. Crop Sci. (Madison) 23:639.
  3. Englert, J. 1999. New and upcoming native grass releases from the Eastern US Plant Materials Centers. Proceedings of the Second Eastern Native Grass Symposium, November 17-19, 1999. Baltimore, Maryland 2:132. Note: = Hystrix patula
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  5. Liao, J.-Q. et al. 2011. Molecular phylogeny of RNA polymerase II gene reveals the relationships of tetraploid species with St genome (Triticeae: Poaceae). Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 39:609-618. Note: this study included one USDA sample (PI 372546) of Elymus hystrix with StH genome
  6. Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae. Feddes Repert. 95:464.
  7. Mason-Gamer, R. J. et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets. Genome 45:991-1002.
  8. Sha, L. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships between Hystrix and its closely related genera (Triticeae; Poaceae) based on nuclear Acc1, DMC1 and chloroplast trnL-F sequences. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 54:327-335. Note: this publication erroneously used the superfluous name Hystrix patula associated to the USDA accession PI 531616 (= Elymus hystrix)
  9. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:291.
  10. Wang, R. R.-C. 2011. Chapter 2. Agropyron and Psathyrostachys. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, cereals 77-108. Note: this review mentioned the diversity of genome constitution in Triticeae, all types found in Elymus able to cross with wheat

Check other web resources for Elymus hystrix L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=102306. Accessed 23 July 2019.