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Taxon: Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill

 
Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 102342
Place of publication: Baileya 19:156. 1975
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 71 (70 active, 69 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (as Capsicum annuum var. aviculare)
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia (e.), Louisiana]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona (s.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated

    Northern America
    • Mexico (n.)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica Note: treats as Capsicum baccatum L.
  2. Aguilar-Meléndez, A. et al. 2009. Genetic diversity and structure in semiwild and domesticated chiles (Capsicum annuum; Solanaceae) from Mexico. Amer. J. Bot. 96:1190-1202.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. ASDM Sonoran Desert Digital Library. Arizona Sonoran Desert Museum digital library (on-line resource).
  5. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  6. Carrizo García, C. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and expansion of chili peppers (Capsicum, Solanaceae). Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 118:35-51.
  7. Eshbaugh, W. H. 1980. The taxonomy of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) - 1980. Phytologia 47:156.
  8. Eshbaugh, W. H. 1993. Peppers: history and exploitation of a serendipitous new crop discovery. New crops 132-139.
  9. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978-. Flora de Veracruz.
  10. González-Jara, P. et al. 2011. Impact of human management on the genetic variation of wild pepper, Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum. PLoS One 6(12):e28715.
  11. Hayano-Kanashiro, C. et al. 2016. Wild pepper Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum: Taxonomy, plant morphology, genome sequencing, and phytochemical compounds. Crop Sci. (Madison) 56:1-11.
  12. Heiser, C. B., Jr. & B. Pickersgill. 1975. Names for the bird peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae). Baileya 19:151-156.
  13. Hernández-Verdugo, S. et al. 2012. Caracterización y variación ecogeográfica de poblaciones de chile (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum silvestre del noroeste de México. Polibotanica 33:175-191.
  14. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  15. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2. Note: treats as Capsicum baccatum L.
  16. Kraft, K. H. et al. 2013. A new collection of wild populations of Capsicum in Mexico and the southern United States. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:225-232.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  19. Loaiza-Figueroa, F. et al. 1989. Patterns of genetic variation of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) in Mexico. Pl. Syst. Evol. 165:159-188.
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Mongkolporn, O. & P. W. J. Taylor. 2011. Chapter 4. Capsicum. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, vegetables 43-57. Note: mentions as the only tetraploid (2n=48) species in the genus
  23. Monteiro da Silva, C. E. et al. 2011. Reproductive characterization of interspecific hybrids among Capsicum species. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 11:241-249.
  24. Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective. Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  25. NatureServe. 2009-. NatureServe Explorer: an online encyclopedia of life (on-line resource)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. Note: treats as Capsicum baccatum L.
  28. Qin, C. et al. 2014. Whole-genome sequencing of cultivated and wild peppers provides insights into Capsicum domestication and specialization. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111:5135-5140.
  29. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  30. Sudré, C. P. et al. 2010. Genetic variability in domesticated Capsicum spp. as assessed by morphological and agronomic data in mixed statistical analysis. Genet. Molec. Res. 9:283-294.
  31. Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24 Note: treats as Capsicum annuum L.
  32. University of Texas at Austin, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Native Plant Information Network database (on-line resource).
  33. Walsh, B. M. & S. B. Hoot. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 162:1409-1418. Note: = Capsicum annuum var. "avicular"
  34. Weakley, A. S. 2007. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas.
  35. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  36. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  37. Zijlstra, S. et al. 1991. Pollen tube growth in interspecific crosses between Capsicum species. HortScience 26:585-586.

Check other web resources for Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=102342. Accessed 19 July 2019.