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Taxon: Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

 
Genus: Withania
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Physaleae
Subtribe: Withaninae
Nomen number: 102407
Place of publication: A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1):453. 1852
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide New Crops; Pl Book; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Liberia, Mali, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran (s.), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece (incl. Crete), Italy [Sicilia, Sardegna]
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Anjaria, J. V. 1989. Herbal Drugs: Potential for industry and cash. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry. New crops for food and industry 91.
  3. Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. 2005. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  4. Babu, C. R. 1977. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun.
  5. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Withania+somnifera&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  12. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  13. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  14. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  15. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  17. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  18. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  19. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  20. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  24. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  25. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=102407. Accessed 21 November 2019.