Taxon: Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

 
Genus: Withania
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Physaleae
Subtribe: Withaninae
Nomen number: 102407
Place of publication: A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1):453. 1852
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Aug-1999
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide New Crops; Pl Book; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Liberia, Mali, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, [Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran (s.), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece (incl. Crete), Italy [Sardinia, Sicily]
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Anjaria, J. V. 1989. Herbal Drugs: Potential for industry and cash. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry (New Crops Food Ind) 91.
  3. Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2005 (L Cabo Verde)
  4. Babu, C. R. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun. (HF Dehra Dun)
  5. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  11. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  12. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  13. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  14. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  15. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  17. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  18. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  19. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  20. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  24. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  25. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=102407. Accessed 22 April 2018.