Taxon: Chloris gayana Kunth

 
Genus: Chloris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Eleusininae
Nomen number: 10260
Place of publication: Révis. gramin. 1:293, t. 58. 1830 (1:89. 1829, nom. nud.)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 136 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:90. 1992)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:90. 1992)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia ; Somalia ; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Morocco ; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Lesotho ; Namibia ; South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali ; Niger ; Senegal

  • Naturalized

  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil Parana, Rio Grande do Sul
    • Caribbean: Cuba ; Dominican Republic ; Jamaica
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Peru

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • United States
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Uruguay

References:

  • Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1985-2004 (Use Pl WT Afr)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. 1986- (F Guianas)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:90.
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:282-283.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 7:365-382.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

Synonyms:

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