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Taxon: Chloris gayana Kunth

 
Genus: Chloris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Eleusininae
Nomen number: 10260
Place of publication: Révis. gramin. 1:293, t. 58. 1830 (1:89. 1829, nom. nud.)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 206 (136 active, 123 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Niger, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • United States (s.)

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Parana, Rio Grande do Sul]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay


References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  3. Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr)
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  5. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  11. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  13. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  14. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  15. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  17. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  18. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  19. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  22. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  23. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  24. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:90.
  25. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  26. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:282-283.
  27. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  28. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  29. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 7:365-382.
  30. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  31. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  32. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  33. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

Check other web resources for Chloris gayana Kunth :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10260. Accessed 14 December 2018.