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Taxon: Chloris virgata Sw.

 
Genus: Chloris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Eleusininae
Nomen number: 10289
Place of publication: Fl. Ind. occid. 1:203. 1797
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 49 (22 active, 14 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Niger, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Russian Federation [Dagestan]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). Note: doubtfully native
  2. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62
  3. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Chloris+virgata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Froman, B. & S. Persson. 1974. An illustrated guide to the grasses of Ethiopia
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  12. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  13. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  15. Hitchcock, A. S. 1936. Manual of the grasses of the West Indies.
  16. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  17. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  18. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  21. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  22. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  23. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  24. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  27. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  28. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996-. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  29. Missouri Botanical Garden. Flora of China Checklist (on-line resource).
  30. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  31. Peterson, P. M. et al. 2001. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): II. Subfamily Chloridoideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 41:52. Note: either native or naturalized
  32. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  33. Renvoize, S. A. 1998. Gramineas de Bolivia
  34. Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India
  35. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  36. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  37. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:282.
  38. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  39. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  40. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  41. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-382.
  42. Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  43. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  44. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  45. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  46. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  47. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  48. Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun
  49. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47
  50. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.

Check other web resources for Chloris virgata Sw. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10289. Accessed 15 July 2019.