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Taxon: Chloris virgata Sw.

 
Genus: Chloris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Eleusininae
Nomen number: 10289
Place of publication: Fl. Ind. occid. 1:203. 1797
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 47 (20 active, 13 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Niger, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, [Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Russian Federation [Dagestan]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  3. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  4. Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  6. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Froman, B. & S. Persson An illustrated guide to the grasses of Ethiopia. 1974 (Grass Ethiop)
  12. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  13. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  14. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  17. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the West Indies. (Grass WInd)
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  19. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  20. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  21. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  22. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  23. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  24. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  25. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  27. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  28. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  29. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. (F Arabia)
  30. Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of China Checklist (on-line resource). (L China)
  31. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  32. Peterson, P. M. et al. 2001. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): II. Subfamily Chloridoideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 41:52.
  33. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  34. Renvoize, S. A. Gramineas de Bolivia. 1998 (Grass Bolivia)
  35. Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  36. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  37. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  38. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:282.
  39. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  40. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  41. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  42. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-382.
  43. Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  44. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  45. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  46. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  47. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  48. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)
  49. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  50. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

Check other web resources for Chloris virgata Sw. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10289. Accessed 15 November 2018.