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Taxon: Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult.

 
Genus: Gymnema
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Tribe: Marsdenieae
Nomen number: 103257
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 6:57. 1820
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 18-Nov-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Sep-2006
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Use Pl WT Afr; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2); folklore (fide Use Pl WT Afr; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • CHINA: China [Fujian, Guangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal] Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India


References:

  1. Genera of South African plants, ed. 2
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  5. Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. (F Senegal)
  6. Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr)
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  8. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  9. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Farr, E. R. et al., eds. Index nomina genericorum. 1979; suppl. 1986 (ING)
  12. Forster, P. I. 1995. Circumscription of Marsdenia (Asclepiadaceae: Marsdenieae), with a revision of the genus in Australia and Papuasia Austral. Syst. Bot. 8:694.
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Harvey, W. H. & O. W. Sonder, eds. v. 1-3; W. T. Thiselton Dyer & A. W. Hill, eds. v. 4-7 Flora capensis. v. 1-3:1860-1865; v. 4-7:1896-1933 (F Cape)
  15. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  17. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  18. Jagtap. A. P. & N. P. Singh 1999. Asclepiadaceae (Fasc F India) 24:89-91.
  19. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  23. Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. (F Hassan)
  24. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=103257. Accessed 19 November 2018.