Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult.

 
Genus: Gymnema
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Tribe: Marsdenieae
Nomen number: 103257
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 6:57. 1820
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 18-Nov-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka, Goa] Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62
  3. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  4. Burkill, H. M. 1985-2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Farr, E. R. et al., eds. 1979, 1986. Index nomina genericorum Note: 1979; suppl. 1986
  10. Forster, P. I. 1995. Circumscription of Marsdenia (Asclepiadaceae: Marsdenieae), with a revision of the genus in Australia and Papuasia. Austral. Syst. Bot. 8:694. Note: = Marsdenia sylvestris (Retz.) P. I. Forst.
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  12. Harvey, W. H. & O. W. Sonder, eds. v. 1-3; W. T. Thiselton Dyer & A. W. Hill, eds. v. 4-7. 1860-1993. Flora capensis Note: v. 1-3:1860-1865; v. 4-7:1896-1933
  13. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  15. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  16. Jagtap. A. P. & N. P. Singh. 1999. Asclepiadaceae. Fascicles of flora of India. 24:89-91.
  17. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  21. Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district.
  22. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  23. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  24. Genera of South African plants, ed. 2.
  25. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=103257. Accessed 28 March 2020.