Taxon: Saccharum barberi Jeswiet

Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Saccharinae
Nomen number: 103337
Place of publication: Arch. Suikerindustr. Ned.-Indië 12:396. 1925, in observ.
Link to protologue:
  • • [or Saccharum Barberi or Saretha Group]
  • • of hybrid origin S. officinarum × S. spontaneum
Name Verified on: 30-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 57 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Indian cane  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Indian sugarcane   - English
  • xi gan gan zhe  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • yindu zhong   - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: sugar (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sugarcane (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Guangxi, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India


  • Amalraj, V. A. & N. Balasundaram 2006. On the taxonomy of the members of "Saccharum complex" Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:38.
  • Artschwager, E. 1954. A taxonomic study of Saccharum sinense Roxb. and S. barberi Jeswiet Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1089:1-87.
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Chase, A. & C. D. Niles, comps. Index to grass species. 1962 (Smiths Grass)
  • Daniels, J. et al. 1991. Sugar Cane 1991(3):11-16.
  • D'Hont, A. et al. 2002. Oligoclonal interspecific origin of 'North Indian' and 'Chinese' sugarcanes Chromosome Res. 10:253-262.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:145.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grassl, C. O. 1968. Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists 871-872.
  • Grassl, C. O. 1977. The origin of the sugar producing cultivars of Saccharum Sugarcane Breed. Newslett. 39:10.
  • Grivet, L. et al. 2004. A review of recent molecular genetics evidence for sugarcane evolution and domestication Ethnobot. Res. Applic. 2:10.
  • Mukherjee, S. K. 1954. Revision of the genus Saccharum Linn. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 8:146.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:245.
  • Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae) (Baileya) 23:113.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:551.

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