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Taxon: Spartina alterniflora Loisel.

 
Genus: Spartina
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Zoysieae
Subtribe: Sporobolinae
Nomen number: 103562
Place of publication: Fl. gall. 719. 1807
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 14 (5 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • salt-water cordgrass  (Source: F CalifJep) - English
  • smooth cordgrass  (Source: Grass US) - English
  • spartine alterniflore  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • hu hua mi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec (e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York (s.e.), Rhode Island]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (s.), Delaware, Florida, Georgia (s.e.), Louisiana (s.), Maryland, Mississippi (s.), North Carolina (e.), South Carolina, Virginia (e.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Guadeloupe, Trinidad and Tobago [Trinidad]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Buenos Aires, Rio Negro] Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang]

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Washington (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (w.)]


References:

  1. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Chase, A. & C. D. Niles, comps. Index to grass species. (Smiths Grass)
  4. Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  5. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  9. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  10. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  11. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  12. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  13. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  14. Renvoize, S. A. The grasses of Bahia. 1984 (Grass Bahia)
  15. Renvoize, S. A. Hatschbach's Parana grasses. 1988 (Grass Parana)
  16. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  18. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  20. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

Check other web resources for Spartina alterniflora Loisel. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=103562. Accessed 16 November 2018.