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Taxon: Spartina alterniflora Loisel.

 
Genus: Spartina
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Zoysieae
Subtribe: Sporobolinae
Nomen number: 103562
Place of publication: Fl. gall. 719. 1807
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 14 (5 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • salt-water cordgrass  (Source: F CalifJep) - English
  • smooth cordgrass  (Source: Grass US) - English
  • spartine alterniflore  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • hu hua mi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Québec (e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York (s.e.), Rhode Island]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (s.), Delaware, Florida, Georgia (s.e.), Louisiana (s.), Maryland, Mississippi (s.), North Carolina (e.), South Carolina, Virginia (e.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Guadeloupe, Trinidad and Tobago [Trinidad]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Buenos Aires, Río Negro] Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu]

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Washington (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (w.)]


References:

  1. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Chase, A. & C. D. Niles, comps. 1962. Index to grass species.
  4. Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle
  5. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  9. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  10. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California Note: introduced
  11. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  12. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  13. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  14. Renvoize, S. A. 1984. The grasses of Bahia
  15. Renvoize, S. A. 1988. Hatschbach's Parana grasses
  16. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  18. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  20. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47

Check other web resources for Spartina alterniflora Loisel. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=103562. Accessed 15 September 2019.